Iq option compra y venta
Home Alloy Wheel Fitment Information guide to help before purchasing alloy wheels Makes Find out what tire size will fit on your Vehicle Bolt patterns Find matching vehicles by specific Bolt Pattern Tires Find matching vehicles by specific Tire Size Tire iq option compra y venta API Wheel Fitment API API Portal Use data of Wheel-Size. You have listed only 5x112 for that car. Answered 5 years, 8 months ago By John.
Hi,David Heide. 5 100 is for GOLF IV. 5 112 is for Golf v and above. Created 6 years, 7 months ago By Dan. Find hubcentric adapters. Hi, where can I find hubcentric adapters to make 5x100 toyota alloys fit my mk4 5x100 golf as the golf hub is larger. Answered 5 years, 9 months ago By John. Hubcentric adapters is OK,If both 5 100,You need to confirm the CB data firstly. Created 5 years, 10 months ago By spaa. 16 or 17 inch rims on 1995 Gilf GTi Edition. hi I would like to replace the 15 inch rims on my 1995 Gilf GTi Edition with 16 or 17 inch rims.
But you need to confirmed the Specification firstly. Created 5 years, 9 months ago By jesse. 225 45R17 tires on Volkswagen Golf with 5x120. Adding 225 r45 17 tires on my golf with 5x120 wheel adapters, will they fit. 5 120 is not adapt for Golf VW. Created 5 years, 5 months ago By Stef. 2011 Volkswagen Golf sportwagen tdi mk6. bought some tsw 18x8. 5 43 offset and in the front wheels out 1 inch the fender i think is not good right looks ugly mk6 2011 golf sportwagen tdi.
Answered 5 years, 5 months ago By Alex. hi Stef Thanks for your comment. Created 5 years ago By Jay. your 2011 vw golf specs don t list the usdm. Created 5 years ago By Harsha. My car is WV Golf MK1 YOM 1975 4. My car is WV Golf MK1 YOM 1975 4 Door Hatchback. your 2011 vw golf specs don t list the usdm TDI model of the car. What tire size best match for it. Created 4 years, 11 months ago By Mathew. I have a golf 4 2. 0 and I wanna put on golf 5rims will they fit.
Created 4 years, 5 months ago By raveer Singh. Hi I have golf 06 1. I bought alloys it s. I bought alloys it s 225 50 r70 do u think it s fit. Answered 4 years, 5 months ago By John. Hi,raveer Singh,Your car is just VW GOLF, 2006 or VW GOLF 6 ,2006. Created 4 years, 5 months ago By Roland Taylor. And 225 50 R70 are you sure this data is correct.
I have set of winter wheels for Peugeot 407. I have set of winter wheels for Peugeot 407 estate size 205 55 R16 91H. Would these wheels fit vow Golf S SDI 2005 model. Hi,Roland Taylor,If the wheel size for 2005 GOLF SDI is 16 ,it can fit for. Created 4 years, 4 months ago By Ayesha. Hi, I have a 2007 Golf GTI and I. Hi, I have a 2007 Golf GTI and I wanted to put the alloy rims on my daughter s Golf 2000, but the bolt pattern doesn t match up.
Is there any way to make them fit. Created 3 years, 12 months ago By david. 2009 mkv gti. 5 which offset is best. 5 which offset is best to have the wheel flush or just inside the fender. stock is so far in that i want to bring it out to be more flush. Answered 3 years, 12 months ago By John. Hi,David,Which edition of Golf you have. Created 3 years, 10 months ago By Lee mcgowan. Got a vw polo 55 plate got a chance.
Got a vw polo 55 plate got a chance of mk4 golf alloys 4motion does anybody no if they would fir my polo. Created 3 years, 9 months ago By Simon. Hi would 5x112 8j of set 45 fit on. Hi would 5x112 8j of set 45 fit on my vw golf mk6 2011 1. Answered 3 years, 9 months ago By John. Hi,Simon,What the wheel size. Answered 3 years, 9 months ago By Simon. Created 3 years, 7 months ago By Ray. Hi, I ve got a Golf 06 MKV FSI.
I ve recently switched it with GTI MK5 wheels with tyres 225 45 R17. Fits fine and drives well but when driving there is a little grinding wheel noise. Could this be because the wheels don t fit my FSI. Answered 3 years, 7 months ago By John. Hi,Ray,The grinding may be comes from the wheel offset is uncompatible. Can you show your current wheel offset. and your stock wheel offset.
Created 3 years, 5 months ago By ming. HiI got a 2009 MKV 2. wondering which rim and tire set would be most gas saving for the daily drive. Answered 3 years, 4 months ago By John. Hi,Ming,Normally,The most gas saving wheels and tires size are stock rims and tires. And For gas saving,there are not too much effect from wheels and tires. Answered 3 years, 4 months ago By ming. thanks John. i might work on other aspect for the gas saving. Answered 3 years, 4 months ago By Bijesh.
Created 3 years, 4 months ago By Bijesh. Hi I need some help, will 21inch bbs wheels. Hi I need some help, will 21inch bbs wheels be ok to fit on my mk7 golf r. I have an air ride system and currently have 19inch bbs on. Hi,Bijesh,Does the 21 inch bbs wheels also have the same bolt pattern and offset. If yes,it can fit for.
Created 2 years, 9 months ago By Bojan. Hi, I was wondering if 18x8J ET32 wheels fits. Hi, I was wondering if 18x8J ET32 wheels fits Golf 4 2002 with tires 225 40R18, also could it fit 225 45R18. Answered 2 years, 9 months ago By John. Hi,Bojan,Does the 18 wheel bolt pattern is 5 100. the rims can fit for. For the tires,the stock golf tire is 225 45 17. So 225 40 18 can fit for. 225 45 18 can t fit for. Answered 2 years, 8 months ago By Bojan. Yeah, its 5x100, i was just concerned about the tires and will it have enough clearance from the suspension.
Created 2 years, 5 months ago By James Nolan. I fitted a set of 16 BBS Alloys to my Golf Cabriolet and the back passenger spring holding cup is rubbing off the tire its only a small rubbing sound but it has left a mark in the tyre. I fitted a set of 16 BBS Alloys to. The other rear driver side is not rubbing at all any suggestions. Answered 2 years, 5 months ago By John. Regards james.
Hi, James Nolan,You can check the tire pressure of left one. May be it is different from other side. And if both sides tires size of rear is same,it may be caused by road condition. Created 2 years, 5 months ago By James. Checked the pressure both are the same I have. Checked the pressure both are the same I have also fitted a 5mm spacer disc that sits on the back of the wheel rim but its extremely difficult to fit when putting on the wheel studs.
Created 1 year, 1 month ago By Andile. What s the golf 1 facelift 2006 model stock rim wheel. What s the golf 1 facelift 2006 model stock rim wheel width size. Answered 1 year, 1 month ago By john. Hi,Andile,tire is 195 65R15,rims size is 6. 5Jx15 ET50,bolt pattern is 5x112,CB is 57. Created 3 months, 3 weeks ago By Emile. hi will 18 inch 8j 18h2 Et50 fit on my jetta 4 1.
Answered 3 months, 3 weeks ago By john. Hi,Emile,If the bolt pattern is 5 100,cb is 57. 1mm,you can try it. hi will 18 inch 8j 18h2 Et50 fit on my. not sure on what s the best biggest widest maximum tires or rims will fit your car. Try our Wheel Calculator. Help us with our new project TiresVote. Write about the tires you are currently driving on.
com is a Wheel Guide and catalogue. We strive to help you get the information you need about PCD, offset, rims and all other wheel and tire data that you need for your vehicle. This guide is accurate and is updated on a daily basis. No warranties or guarantees are expressed or implied as to the accuracy of the information provided on this site. Use of this site implies your agreement to these terms.
Overview Manufacturer Volkswagen Production 1974 present Body and chassis Class Compact car Small family car Hatchback C Chronology Predecessor Volkswagen Beetle first generation only, until 1998 Successor Volkswagen ID. The Volkswagen Golf listen help info is a compact car produced by the German automotive manufacturer Volkswagen since 1974, marketed worldwide across eight generations, in various body configurations and under various nameplates such as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada Mk1 and Mk5and as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico Mk1.
Volkswagen Golf. The original Golf Mk1 was a front-engined, front-wheel drive replacement for the air-cooled, rear-engined, rear-wheel drive Volkswagen Beetle. Historically, the Golf is Volkswagen s best-selling model and is among the world s top three best-selling models, with more than thirty million built as of June 2013. Initially, most Golfs were 3-door hatchbacks. 3 Other variants include a 5-door hatchback, estate Variant, from 1993convertible Cabriolet and Cabrio, 1979 2002, Cabriolet, 2011 presentand a Golf-based saloon, called the Volkswagen Jetta, Volkswagen Vento from 1992 or Volkswagen Bora from 1999.
The cars have filled many market segments, from being a basic, everyday car, to a high-performance hot hatchback. The Volkswagen Golf has won many awards throughout its history. The Golf won the World Car of the Year iq option compra y venta 2009, with the Volkswagen Golf Mk6 and in 2013 with the Volkswagen Golf Mk7. The VW Golf is one of only three cars, the others being the Renault Clio and the Vauxhall Astra, to have been voted European Car of the Year twice, in 1992 and 2013.
4 5 The Volkswagen Golf has made the annual Car and Driver 10Best list multiple times. The Golf Mk7 won the Motor Trend Car of the Year award in 2015, and the Mk1 GTI also won the award in 1985. 1 First generation Mk1 A1, Typ 17; 1974 1983 2 Second generation Mk2 A2, Typ 19E 1G; 1983 1992 3 Third generation Mk3 A3, Typ 1H 1E 1V; 1991 1998 4 Fourth generation Mk4 A4, Typ 1J; 1997 2005 5 Fifth generation Mk5 A5, Typ 1K; 2003-2009 6 Sixth generation Mk6 A6, Typ 5K; 2008 2012 7 Seventh generation Mk7 MQB, Typ 5G; 2012 2020 iq option compra y venta Eighth generation Mk8 MQB; 2019-present 9 Electric versions 9.
2 Volkswagen e-Golf 9. 1 Golf Variant Twin Drive 9. 3 Volkswagen Golf GTE 10 Motorsport 10. 2 Golf TCR and Golf GTI TCR 11 Volkswagen emissions scandal 12 Awards and recognition 13 Yearly American sales 14 See also 15 References 16 External links. 1 Golf GTI 10. In May 1974, 6 Volkswagen presented the first-generation Golf as a modern front-wheel-drive, long-range replacement for the Volkswagen Beetle.
Later Golf variations included the Golf GTI introduced in June 1976 with a fuel-injected 1. 6-litre engine capable of 180 km h 110 mpha diesel-powered version from September 1976the Jetta notchback saloon version from October 1979the Volkswagen Golf Cabriolet from January 1980 through 1994 and a Golf-based van, the Volkswagen Caddy. The Golf Mk1 was sold as the Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada and as the Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico.
A facelifted version of the Golf Mk1 was produced in South Africa as the Citi Golf from 1984 to 2009. September 1983 saw the introduction of the second-generation Golf Mk2 that grew slightly in terms of wheelbase, exterior and interior dimensions, while retaining, in a more rounded form, the Mk1 s overall look. Although it was available on the home market and indeed most other left-hand drive markets by the end of 1983, it was not launched in the UK until March 1984. The Mk2 GTI featured a 1.
8-litre 8-valve fuel-injected engine from its launch, with a 16-valve version capable of more than 220 km h 137 mph being introduced in 1985. In 1985, the first Golfs with four-wheel-drive Golf Syncro went on sale with the same Syncro four-wheel-drive system being employed on the supercharged G60 models, exclusively released in continental Europe in 1989 with 120 kW 161 hp; 163 PS and anti-lock brakes ABS.
A Mk2-based second generation Jetta was unveiled in January 1984. There was no Mk2-based cabriolet model; instead, the Mk1 Cabriolet was continued over the Mk2 s entire production run. New engines included the first Turbocharged Direct Injection TD diesel engine in a Golf, and a narrow-angle 2. The third-generation Golf Mk3 made its home-market début in August 1991 and again grew slightly in comparison with its immediate predecessor, while its wheelbase remained unchanged.
8-litre VR6 engine. US Environmental Protection Agency EPA fuel consumption estimates are 9. 0 L 100 km 31 mpg imp ; 26 mpg US city and 7. 4 L 100 km 38 mpg imp ; 32 mpg US highwaywith 420 km 261 mi per tank city and 584 km 363 mi per tank highway. For the first time ever, a Golf estate Golf Variant joined the line-up in September 1993 although most markets did not receive this model until early 1994.
At the same time, a completely new Mk3-derived Cabriolet was introduced, replacing the 13-year-old Mk1-based version with one based on the Mk3 Golf platform from 1995 to early 1999. The notchback version, called VW Vento or Jetta in North Americawas presented in January 1992. It was European Car of the Year for 1992, ahead of the new Citroën ZX and General Motors new Opel Astra model.
The Mk3 Golf Cabrio received a Mk4-style facelift in late 1999 and was continued until 2002. The Mk3 continued to be sold until 1999 in the United States, Canada and parts of South America, also in Mexico as a special edition called Mi basically a Golf CL 4-door with added air conditioning, special interior, original equipment OEM black-tinted rear brake lights, and anti-lock brakes ABSbut without a factory-fitted radio.
8-litre engine was upgraded to 2. Heated seats were offered on all trims. The i in Mi is coloured red, which designates that multi-point fuel injection was equipped and the 1. The Golf Mk4 was first introduced in August 1997, followed by a notchback version VW Bora or, in North America, again VW Jetta in August 1998 and a new Golf Variant estate in March 1999. There was no Mk4-derived Cabriolet, although the Mk3 Cabriolet received a facelift in late 1999 that consisted of bumpers, grill and headlights similar to those of the Mark IV models.
As with the earlier three versions of the Golf, the UK market receive each version several months later than the rest of Europe. 2-litre VR6-engined four-wheel-drive Golf R32 introduced in 2002, its predecessor, the 2. New high-performance models included the 3. The hatchback version was launched there in the spring of 1998 and the estate some 12 months later around the same time as the Bora.
9-litre Mk3 Golf VR6 Syncroas well as the famous 1. As of 2008, certain variants of the Golf Bora Mk4 were still in production in Brazil, China, and Mexico. 8T turbo 4-cylinder used in various Volkswagen Group models. 8-litre VR6-engined Golf V6 4Motion succeeding the 2. The two models were VW Canada s entry-level offerings. They received a significant refresh for the 2008 model year, including revised headlamps, taillamps, front and rear fascias, sound systems, and wheels.
Both models were offered only with the 2. 0-litre, 8-valve single over-head cam SOHC four-cylinder gasoline engine, rated at 86 kW 115 hp; 117 PS. They were the only entry-level offerings with an optional six-speed automatic transmission. Production of the European variant of the Golf Mk4 ceased at the end of the 2006 model year. Production of the U. version ended in 2006.
When the Chinese market Bora received a July 2006 facelift, the Golf did too, becoming the Bora HS in the process. The Mk4 s popularity and low cost has allowed it to remain in production in several countries, including Brazil and Argentina, with minor cosmetic changes. The Golf Mk5 was introduced in Europe in the autumn of 2003, reaching the UK market in early 2004.
Revised versions of the Mk4 were sold in Canada marketed as the Golf City and Jetta City from 2007 to 2010. In North America, Volkswagen brought back the Rabbit nameplate when it introduced the vehicle in 2006. In Canada, the Golf is still the prevalent nameplate of the fifth generation though both Rabbit and Golf have both been used historically.
The North American base model is powered by a 2. 5-litre five-cylinder engine, which produced 112 kW 150 hp; 152 PS in 2006 and 2007, but was upped to 127 kW 170 hp; 173 PS in the later models. A GTI version is powered by a turbocharged version of the 2. 0-litre FSI engine, producing 147 kW 197 hp; 200 PS. Volkswagen also introduced the Fast marketing idea for the US market, dedicated to the fast that lives inside every driver.
Drivers who purchased new GTI Mk5s from a dealership were shipped a model of said Fast a plastic figurinewhich employs GTI-like features. The GTI version is the only version on sale in Mexico. The saloon sedan version, again called Volkswagen Jetta in most markets, is assembled in Germany, South Africa, as well as Mexico. In Mexico this car is known as Bora.
It was followed in 2007 by a new Golf Variant. The front ends of the car are the same, with the only difference being that the GLI is a sedan, while the GTI is a hatchback. 4-litre TSI turbocharged petrol engine with front-wheel drive. Later models of the Mk5 introduced the 1. In a comparison test conducted by Car and Driver Magazine, the Volkswagen Rabbit S was named the winner among eight small cars. While it was praised for its excellent driving position, fine instruments, and strong engine, it was criticized for having high levels of road noise, uncomfortable seats, and poor fuel economy.
Though, the final verdict stated, This one is all about driving pleasure, so it wins. The Rabbit also placed first in their final comparison in December 2006. Volkswagen based the Golf Mk6 on the existing PQ35 platform from the Golf Mk5. 8 This vehicle was debuted at the 2008 Paris Motor Show. The Mk6 Golf was designed by Volkswagen s chief designer Walter de Silva. The design is said to be more aerodynamic, helping fuel efficiency, and is quieter than its predecessor.
Following criticism of the downgraded interior trim quality of the Mk5 Golf in comparison to the Mk4, Volkswagen opted to overhaul the interior to match the quality with the Mk4 Golf, while maintaining the same user friendliness from the Mk5. The Mk6 Jetta was released in Mexico in mid-2010, and by late 2011 it was available in all markets.
Turbocharged Direct Injection diesel engines which uses common rail injection technology replaced the longstanding Pumpe Düse PD Unit Injector system. New on the Golf is the optional Volkswagen Adaptive Chassis Control not available in the North American marketwhich allows the driver to select between normalcomfort and sports modes, which will vary the suspension, steering and accelerator behavior accordingly.
The Mk6 Golf is available with both 5- and 6-speed manual transmission, and 6- or 7-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox DSG with Dual Clutch transmission options. The car is also cheaper to build than its predecessor; Volkswagen claims it consequently will be able to pass these savings on to the customer. In North America, the Mk5 version was originally sold as the Rabbit from 2006 to 2009. In 2010, Volkswagen brought back the Golf nameplate with the mid-cycle refresh.
With it came a 130 kW 174 hp; 177 PS2. 5-litre inline 5-cylinder with 240 N m 177 lb ft of torque and a 2. 0-litre, 100 kW 134 hp; 136 PS turbocharged inline 4-cylinder clean diesel engine that generates 320 N m 236 lb ft of torque. The GTI version is equipped with a 157 kW 211 hp; 213 PS turbocharged inline 4-cylinder TSI gasoline engine while the Golf R has a 191 kW 256 hp; 260 PS turbocharged TFSI inline 4 engine. All three engines can be paired with a DSG dual-clutch 6-speed automatic or 6-speed manual transmission in either a 3- or 5-door configuration.
The car was introduced for sale in the UK in January 2009, 12 and in North America in October 2009 as the 2010 Golf, rather than Rabbit. 13 The Mk6 also reintroduced a diesel engine option to the North American market. The Volkswagen Golf Mk6 was a 2012 Insurance Institute for Highway Safety IIHS Top Safety Pick. The seventh-generation Golf had its début in September 2012 at the Paris Motor Show. The Golf VIITyp 5G 17 uses the new MQB platform, shared with the third-generation Audi A3, SEAT León and Škoda Octavia.
It is slightly larger than the Mk6 while managing to be approximately 100 kg lighter, depending on engine choice. The GTI will offer a 154 kW 207 hp; 209 PS turbocharged 2. 0-litre four-cylinder with an available performance pack to raise the output to 162 kW 217 hp; 220 PS. 18 The Golf R now has a iq option compra y venta kW 292 hp; 296 PS turbocharged 2. 0-litre four-cylinder with Haldex Traction all-wheel-drive. A version of the GTI dubbed the GTI Clubsport making 195 kW 261 hp; 265 PS was released in 2016.
A variant of the Clubsport called the Clubsport S held the record for the fastest front-wheel-drive car around the Nürburgring, until the 2017 Honda Civic Type-R took the record once again. The Golf line is available in all the relevant drive systems the Golf TSI, including GTI, is petrol-powered; Golf TDI diesel Turbo Direct Injectionincluding GTD, is diesel-powered; the Golf TGI is powered by compressed natural gas CNG ; the e-Golf is powered by electricity; and the Golf GTE is a plug-in hybrid.
In November 2016, Volkswagen revealed a facelifted version Golf 7. The use of a modular transverse matrix assembly kit enables the manufacturing of Golf models with gasoline, diesel, natural gas, electric and hybrid drives from bumper to bumper at Volkswagen factories. 5 to the 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, 5-door estate, GTI and GTE, in addition to a new R-Line Golf.
With those models, comes a new economical engine 1. 5-litre TSI EVO which produces 97 kW 130 hp; 132 PS or 110 kW 148 hp; 150 PS and replaces the 1. The updated GTI version now features a 230 hp as standard 220 hp previously or 247 hp in the optional performance pack 230 hp previously. In terms of interior technology, the Golf now features a 12.
3 TFT display as an option that is similar to Audi models and known as Virtual Cockpitfull LED lights, animated tail indicators as an option also used in Audi modelsetc. Built as a 3 or 5 door hatchback, it is powered by a newly developed version of the 1,984 cc 2. 1 cu in turbocharged EA888 petrol FSI Inline-four engine used in the latest Golf GTI and Audi S3but in this application producing 300 PS 296 bhp; 221 kW 206 kW 280 PS; 276 bhp for hot climate markets such as Australia, South Africa, Japan, USA from 5,500 to 6,200 rpm and 380 N m 280 lb ft from 1,800 to 5,500 iq option compra y venta of torque.
20 0-62 mph 100 km h takes 5. 1 seconds versus 5. 7 seconds for previous Golf Ror 4. 9 seconds with optional DSG gearbox. In 3rd-party testing, it has been recorded at 4. 5 seconds using Launch Control. The top speed is electronically limited to 155 mph 249 km h. Volkswagen produced a Rabbit Edition GTI for the 2019 model year. Only 3,000 were produced for the US market 1000 in Cornflower Blue, 1000 in Urano Gray, 500 in Black, and 500 in White, all split evenly between DSG automatic and 6 speed manual transmissions.
The Mk8 Golf was revealed on 24 October 2019 in Wolfsburg. It rides on an updated version of the MQB platform, with engine options consisting of compact petrol, diesel and hybrid powertrains. At launch, the five-door hatchback was the only model available, with the three-door hatchback, and the wagons having been discontinued due to poor sales. The Rabbit Edition featured a LED lighting package, Vmax spoiler, 18-inch Pretoria alloy wheels painted in gloss black, no sunroof, and clark plaid seats with red tags embroidered with the VW Rabbit logo.
The Golf VIII s interior receives a major overhaul with an entirely digital driver s display and digital control panel. All Mk8 s have advanced safety features available such as travel assist, Car2X and an oncoming vehicle while braking function, the latter two of which are the first to be used on a production Volkswagen model. Powertrain options now have three eTSI mild-hybrid and two eHybrid plug-in hybrid engines in addition to existing TSI petrol, TDI diesel and TGI compressed natural gas CNG options.
All TSI engines with an output up to 130 PS feature the efficient TSI Miller combustion process and a turbocharger with variable turbocharger geometry, and the 1. 5 litre engines have temporary Active Cylinder Management. eTSI models use a 12 V vehicle electrical system and 48 V belt starter generator driven by the 48 V lithium-ion battery, whereas eHybrid models have a 13 kWh lithium-ion battery capable of running in EV mode. TDI models utilize a new twin dosing SCR system featuring dual AdBlue selective catalytic reduction, which lowers nitrogen oxide emissions NOx up to 80 compared to the Mk7.
Performance models consist of the GTE, GTI and GTD, with a Golf R to be unveiled later. The GTE and GTI produce 180 kW 240 hp; 240 PSwhile the GTD produces 147 kW 197 hp; 200 PS. The e-Golf previously offered on the Mk7 has been replaced by the ID. The VW Golf has had several generations made into electric CityStromer models.
The first of these was in the 1970s, when VW took a standard Golf Mk1 and converted it to electric power. The most powerful Golf in the range is the Golf R. By the time the Golf Mk2 came into production a limited number of electric Golfs were made, using lead acid battery packs and a custom-made motor and controller citation needed.
VW continued with the production of limited numbers of CityStromer electric cars with the introduction of the Golf Mk3. The electric CityStromer Mk3 included a Siemens-based AC drive system, and lead acid battery packs. They had a maximum speed of 97 km h 60 mph and a range of approximately 80 km 50 mi. 22 With a few exceptions, only left-hand drive Golfs were converted by VW into Citystromer models.
These vehicles are still used today and have popularity in mainland Europe with only a few present in Great Britain. Only two right-hand drive Mk2 CityStromers were built for the UK market and it is believed only one remains today. It is owned by EV advocate and broadcaster Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield, host of Transport Evolved. As part of the Fleet study in electric mobility project that began in 2008, VW developed 20 Golf Variant twinDRIVE plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.
These research vehicles have an all-electric range of 57 km 35 mi and the internal combustion engine provides for a total range of 900 km 559 mi. Golf Variant Twin Drive Edit. The plug-in hybrid drive of the Golf Variant twinDRIVE is equipped with either an 11. 2 kWh lithium-ion battery pack, as Volkswagen is testing packs from two vendors. Ten vehicles are equipped with batteries from the American-German manufacturer GAIA with cathode type nickel cobalt aluminium dioxide NCA.
The other ten are powered by lithium-ion batteries with nickel manganese cobalt NMC cathodes from the Korean-German joint venture SB LiMotive Samsung and Bosch. These 10 vehicles have been in use since early 2011. Both battery systems offer high power and energy density. They each weigh about 150 kg. The gasoline engine is used to support the electric heating system when outdoor temperatures are low.
1 L 100 km 112 mpg USwhich is equivalent to 49 g km CO2. Using guidelines for determining the fuel consumption of plug-in hybrids, VW estimates a fuel consumption of 2. When the battery is fully charged, the Golf Variant twinDRIVE is designed to maximize the share of pure electrical energy used for driving, and only when longer distances are driven does the share of supplemental gasoline fuel increase.
Top speed of the car is 170 km h 106 mph and it accelerates to 100 km h 62 mph in under 12 seconds. When operated in pure electric mode, the Golf Variant twinDRIVE can reach a top speed of 120 km h 75 mph. The production version was expected to be based on Mk6 Golf featuring a 1. 5 L turbodiesel engine and electric motor, with estimated arrival date of 2015. 25 A SEAT León prototype with the Twin Drive system was also under development. Volkswagen e-Golf Edit.
The Golf blue-e-motion concept has a range of 150 km 93 mi. 26 Volkswagen scheduled a field testing program with 500 units to begin in 2011. 27 28 The first 10 units began field testing in Wolfsburg in May 2011. 29 A second batch of 80 test cars began testing in June 2011 in Berlin, Hannover and Wolfsburg. 30 In February 2012, the first e-Golf, as the production version was renamed, was delivered in Belmont, California.
A total of 20 e-Golfs will be allocated to the U. field testing program. The Golf blue-emotion concept has a 26. 5 kWh lithium-ion battery pack and is powered by an 85 kW electric motor which drives the front wheels through a single speed transmission. It will accelerate to 100 km h 62 mph in 11. 8 seconds and has a top speed of 138 km h 86 mph. 30 Paddle shifters are used to adjust the amount of regenerative braking.
The production version of the 2015 Volkswagen e-Golf was unveiled at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show. 32 According to VW the e-Golf has a practical all-electric range of 130 to 190 km 81 to 118 miwith an official NEDC cycle of 190 km 120 miand the winter range is expected to be 80 to 120 km 50 to 75 mi. The vehicle s PRNDL stick has an additional B mode as found on some other electric vehicles to set the regenerative braking effort to the maximum for sustained downhill travelling.
33 The 2015 e-Golf has an official EPA rated all-electric range of 134 km 83 miand a combined fuel economy of 116 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent MPGe for an energy consumption of 29 kW-hrs 100 mi. The EPA rating for city driving is 126 MPGe and 105 MPGe in highway. 34 Production of vehicles destined for retail customers began in March 2014. For the 2017 model year, the e-Golf received an update, which included improved range, better fuel economy, and more power than the outgoing model.
8 kWh lithium-ion battery, the upgraded car is said to achieve an EPA-estimated range of 144 to 201 km 89 to 125 miand have a combined 119 MPGe. With a new 35.
Coments:22.01.2020 : 00:31 Taubar:
Owners will obtain a membership by paying a US 1. 000,00 anual fee per family.
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Aberdeen City Council to spend 1. 7 million on gritting roads and pavements.