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Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Folstein MFFolstein SEMcHugh PR Mini-Mental State A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatr Res 1975 ;12 189 - 198. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Teng EIChui HC The modified Mini-Mental State 3MS Examination.
J Clin Psychiatry 1987 ;48 314 - 318. Google Scholar Medline ISI Achenbach TMEdelbrock CS The Child Behavior Profile II Boys aged 12-16 and girls aged 6-11 and 12-16. J Consult Clin Psychol 1979 ;47 223 - 233. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Mitrushina M. Reliability and validity of the Mini-Mental State Exam in neurologically intact elderly. J Clin Psychol iq option jobs ;47 537 - 543. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Taylor MAAbrams R.
Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry 1984 ;141 196 - 201. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Cavanaugh SVWettstein RM Emotional and cognitive dysfunction associated with medical disorders. J Psychosom Res 1989 ;33 505 - 514. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Escobar JIBurnham A.et al Mini-Mental State Examination MMSE in a community population of mixed ethnicity Cultural and linguistic artifacts.
J Nerv Ment Dis 1986 ;174 607 - 614. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI O Connor DWPollitt PATreasure FPet al The influence of education, social class, and sex on mini-mental state scores. Psychol Med 1989 ;19 771 - 776. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI Sattler JM Assessment of Children Revised and Updated Third Edition. San DiegoJerome M. Sattler1992. 96,576 used cars for sale. Make Bodystyle Location Transmission Fuel type. Read our helpful articles and get advice on buying a used car.
Luxury Cars. Executive Cars. People Carriers. Sports Cars. Used car reviews. Browse AA Cars user reviews and read what real owners think before you buy your used car. Finance for your next car. AA Car Finance allows you to get a quote in minutes, without affecting your credit rating. With a large panel of 31 lenders we can help most drivers. 4L Sport CoD TFSI. 5L Titanium X EcoBoost T.
Read our helpful guides. Looking to buy a used car. Here s some help and advice to get you through to purchase. Used car checklist. Use our comprehensive checklist to ensure you know what to look for when buying a used car. Driving costs. Considering car tax, insurance and fuel consumption before you buy will help keep costs to budget. Which type of used car are you looking for. One reason why nearly 8 million used cars were sold across the UK in 2018 is the sheer amount of choice available.
There s a type of used car for everyone, whatever you might be looking for. But to work out which of the many used cars for sale right now could be your perfect match, it s worth asking yourself a few simple questions. What do you need the car for. Is it for commuting or something to get your work done. Maybe it s for those regular school runs or even fun family days out. How much can you afford to pay. Do you have the funds in place.
Have you thought about running costs. Tax, insurance and fuel costs can be a factor. Looking for manual or automatic transmission. Is a petrol or diesel engine your choice. Or how about a hybrid or full-electric option. Do you have an existing car to sell or part-exchange. Thinking about these points can give you a better idea of the type of car you re looking for coupes, hatchbacks, estates or something else.
You might even have a list of makes and models that best fit your car needs. At the very least, you can bear these points in mind as part of your used car search. Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders data. How to find your next car. Whatever type of car you re looking for, the chances are you can find it. But, with thousands of used cars to choose from, how do you find the right one for you.
Our aim is to match you with your next car as quickly and easily as possible. Here s how we do that. With our used car finder, type in the make or model you have in mind, along with your postcode. Hit Search and you ll get all the details of used cars for sale from dealers in your area. Looking for something more specific. Filter the results from our used car finder based on how much you can afford, what fuel type you prefer and whether you want a manual or automatic.
We can also just show you nearly new cars for sale and those inspected near you, too. Sign up and create an account with us and you can compare the cars you ve shortlisted, contact our dealers quickly and get email alerts when new used cars matching your search are listed. How we help you buy used cars with confidence. Used cars can often offer better value for money than new ones, which can lose 40 of their value in their first 2 years due to depreciation.
But how do you know if the price is too good to be true. After all, iq option jobs used car may cost less than a new car, but it s still a significant amount of money to spend for many people. And knowing more about its history before you commit lets you make sure it s safe and has no nasty surprises in store. Has your dream car been well looked after. Is it roadworthy. Who s owned it before you. These are all questions that we can answer with history checks, vehicle inspections, approved dealers and more.
We even offer 12 months free breakdown cover as standard to keep you on the road. AA Cars helps you not only find your next car but makes sure that you buy with confidence too. Used cars know what to look for. When buying your next car, you ll want to avoid any expensive surprises. Doing your research before searching online or visiting used car dealerships can be a useful start. Knowing what questions to ask can ease any doubts you might have too provided you re satisfied with the answers you receive.
Our used car checklist can help you get to grips with what to look for when buying a used car. AA approved dealers. It s not just about how, but also where you can buy used cars with confidence. You could find your dream car for sale from an established dealer, an independent garage or even a private seller. But questions always remain how sure are you that you re getting a good deal. Is it in the condition you d expect it to be.
And how well will it get you from A-to-B safely and securely. No matter which one you eventually decide on, buy your next car with us and you can be sure that it s been given a history check before it goes on the site. You can also purchase a full history check for your new wheels, so you know exactly what you re getting when you drive it off the forecourt. With our used car search, you can also choose to find your next car from one of our approved dealers.
Any car bought from an approved dealer means it s been rigorously inspected to make sure it s in the condition you d expect from a high-quality used car. AA Vehicle Inspection service. Found your next car but not from one of our approved dealers. You can still take advantage of our vehicle inspection service from just 128 if you want that extra seal of approval. Members price; from 142 for non-members.
Free breakdown cover. All used cars bought through us come with 12 months of Basic Breakdown Cover from the UK s largest provider. With 24 7 assistance nationwide, we won t leave you stranded. Already one of our members. You ll get a free upgrade when you buy your next car with us. How can I pay for my next car. There s no shortage of great deals on used cars to be found. If the price is right, you can easily self-finance your next car with a credit card, savings you ve built up or using a personal loan.
But what if the price of your next car is still a bit too high to self-finance it. Selling or trading in your existing car can be used towards upgrading to a new one. And we have the options to help you out. For some people, self-financing or using your current car to afford your next one isn t an option. So, why not find out if AA Car Finance can get you the car of your dreams. Not only can we help you find your next vehicle from a wide range of used cars, we re also able to help find the finance that works for you.
9 APR from a panel of 31 lenders. Our rates start from 6. You can even check if you re eligible without impacting your credit score. Get a quote in minutes, calculate your repayments and apply online with AA Car Finance. Selling your existing car made easy. For a fast and free valuation, we can help you sell your car to reliable and professional dealers across the UK.
Browse by make. Abarth Alfa Romeo Aston Martin Audi Bentley BMW Cadillac Caterham Chevrolet Chrysler Citroen Dacia Daewoo DAF Daihatsu Dodge DS Ferrari Fiat Ford Great Wall Honda Hummer Hyundai Infiniti Isuzu Iveco JAGUAR Jeep Kia Lamborghini Land Rover LDV Lexus Lotus Maserati Maybach Mazda McLaren Mercedes MG MINI Mitsubishi Morgan Nissan Perodua Peugeot Porsche Proton Renault Rolls-Royce Rover Saab SEAT Skoda Smart Ssangyong Subaru Suzuki Tesla Toyota TVR Vauxhall Volkswagen Volvo.
Browse by bodystyle. Used 4x4 Used SUVs Used Executive Cars Used Family Cars Used Luxury Cars Used Microcars Used People Carriers Used Sports Cars Used Supercars Used Superminis Used Hatchbacks Used Estates Used Saloons Used Coupes Used Convertibles. Used Cars in Birmingham Used Cars in Brighton Used Cars in Bristol Used Cars in Cardiff Used Cars in Coventry Used Cars in Croydon Used Cars in Edinburgh Used Cars in Glasgow Used Cars in Leeds Used Cars in Leicester Used Cars in Liverpool Used Cars in London Used Cars in Manchester Used Cars in Newcastle upon Tyne Used Cars in Northampton Used Cars in Norwich Used Cars in Nottingham Used Cars in Sheffield Used Cars in Southampton Used Cars in Stoke-on-Trent All Locations.
Browse by transmission. Used Automatic Cars Used Manual Cars. Browse by fueltype. Used Diesel Cars Used Electric Cars Used Hybrid Cars Used Petrol Cars. Powered by Wizzle, our car valuation service puts you in full control and lets you reach 3,000 buyers iq option jobs make sure you get the best price. 96,537 used cars for sale. a Austin 73 Alfa Romeo 700 Audi 12 894 AC 1 Aixam 4 Abarth 244 Aston Martin 242 b Bentley 324 BMW 14 207 BMC 7 Bristol 1 c Chrysler 283 Chevrolet 642 Caterham 9 Corvette 3 Citroen 5 753 Cadillac 46 d Daewoo 24 DAF Trucks 4 Dodge 88 DS 409 Daimler 21 Dacia 651 Daihatsu 115 f Ford 22 192 Fiat 3 956 Ferrari 169 g Great Wall 5 h Honda 5 755 Hyundai 3 666 Hummer 9 i Isuzu Trucks 1 Infiniti 103 Iveco 18 Isuzu 38 j Jeep 466 Jensen 5 Jaguar 3 010 k KTM 5 Kia 4 004 l LTI 81 LDV 4 Lexus 1 131 Lamborghini 109 Lotus 67 Lada 1 Lancia 14 Land Rover 5 804 m Mitsubishi Fuso 4 Mini 3 979 MG Motor UK 167 Microcar 2 MIA 1 Mclaren 61 MG 382 Marlin 1 Morgan 18 Marcos 1 Mercedes-Benz 12 081 Mazda 3 163 Mitsubishi 1 477 Maserati 102 n Noble 3 Nissan 8 303 o Other 810 Opel 15 p Porsche 1 354 Proton 41 Piaggio 7 Perodua 15 PGO 1 Peugeot 9 455 r Reliant 14 Rolls-Royce 96 Rover 366 Renault 6 126 Renault Trucks 2 s Suzuki 2 195 Ssangyong 207 Scania 1 Smart 581 Seat 3 839 Subaru 586 Saab 623 Skoda 3 773 t Tata 1 TVR 49 Talbot 6 Toyota 9 394 Tesla 78 v Volkswagen 14 831 Vauxhall 20 528 Volvo 3 142 w Westfield 7.
Renault scenic expression 1. 6 petrol for sale, MOT, drives perfect. Mercedes c class. Renault Laguna 3. 0 V6 24v auto Initiale EXCELLENT RUNNER LONG MOT. 2007 57 Volkswagen Touran 2. 0 TDI SE Full Service History 7 Seater Not Ford VW Audi seat. 2008 Audi A3 1. 9 TDI Special Edition Full Service History Not Audi A3 Vw Golf. 2015 Volkswagen Sharan 2.
0 TDI SE DSG BMT Fully Loaded Full Service History 7 Seater Not Seat Ford. Automatic Vauxhall Zafira 1. 8 New Mot Good Runner 995. 0 TDI SE Full Service History 7 Seater 2 Keys Not Ford VW Seat. VAUXHALL CORSA DIESEL 1395. Cheap Peugeot 206 1. 4 Hdi 30 Tax Long Mot Low Insurance 70 Mpg Punto Clio Aygo Corsa Vectra Astra. 2014 63reg Renault Megane Dynamique Tom Tom 1.
5 Dci new shape. Cheap Peugeot 206 Low Insurance 1. a Austin 73 Alfa Romeo iq option jobs Audi 12 895 AC 1 Aixam 4 Abarth 244 Aston Martin 242 b Bentley 324 BMW 14 208 BMC 7 Bristol 1 c Chrysler 283 Chevrolet 642 Caterham 9 Corvette 3 Citroen 5 753 Cadillac 46 d Daewoo 24 DAF Trucks 4 Dodge 88 DS 408 Daimler 21 Dacia 651 Daihatsu 115 f Ford 22 195 Fiat 3 956 Ferrari 169 g Great Wall 5 h Honda 5 755 Hyundai 3 665 Hummer 9 i Isuzu Trucks 1 Infiniti 103 Iveco 18 Isuzu 38 j Jeep 466 Jensen 5 Jaguar 3 010 k KTM 5 Kia 4 003 l LTI 81 LDV 4 Lexus 1 131 Lamborghini 109 Lotus 67 Lada 1 Lancia 14 Land Rover 5 804 m Mitsubishi Fuso 4 Mini 3 978 MG Motor UK 167 Microcar 2 MIA 1 Mclaren 61 MG 382 Marlin 1 Morgan 18 Marcos 1 Mercedes-Benz 12 081 Mazda 3 163 Mitsubishi 1 477 Maserati 102 n Noble 3 Nissan 8 303 o Other 810 Opel 15 p Porsche 1 354 Proton 41 Piaggio 7 Perodua 15 PGO 1 Peugeot 9 455 r Reliant 14 Rolls-Royce 96 Rover 366 Renault 6 125 Renault Trucks 2 s Suzuki 2 195 Ssangyong 207 Scania 1 Smart 581 Seat 3 839 Subaru 586 Saab 623 Skoda 3 772 t Tata 1 TVR 49 Talbot 6 Toyota 9 392 Tesla 78 v Volkswagen 14 830 Vauxhall 20 529 Volvo 3 142 w Westfield 7.
4 Hdi 30 Tax Long Mot 70 Mpg Golf A3 Astra Ibiza Auris C1 C2 Leon. Welcome to West Country Cars. We guarantee NO PRESSURE SELLING as our customers buy our cars we are just here to make it happen with good old style friendly but professional customer service. Welcome to West Country Cars the South West s premier used car dealer in the heart of Somerset, we stock the cars you thought you couldn t afford, with the industries finest warranty packages and our own limited period No Quibble promise included free with every purchase.
We are an approved Foxy Lady dealer which means we are completely female friendly and able to offer help and advice wherever needed. We have a huge range from Super Mini s to Luxury 4x4 s and everything in between, all prepared to the highest standard by our in house experts. We have low rate finance packages from our carefully selected partners to suit all budgets and generous part exchange prices.
All cars having service, clear HPi report, new MOT if applicable and at least six month s Safe and Sound warranty all included in the price, no Bolt On s or extras hidden in the small print. We are an independent, privately owned and managed business and not part of a big group. Take a look at our Meet the Team page so you can see who is caring for you and your car. Due to increased bank charges we are no longer able to take full payment for a car by card payment.
We will provide you with our bank details so that a bank transfer can be made. 40 Representative APR Representative example Cash Price 8,500. Total Amount of Credit 8,000. 47 Monthly Payments of 216. 05 with a final payment of 220. 05 which includes an Option to Purchase fee of 1. Duration of Agreement is 48 months. Total Amount Payable is 10,515. Total Cost of Credit is 2015. Annual Fixed Interest Rate of 5. Representative APR 11. Monthly Budget. Search Bodystyle.
Hatchback Saloons MPV SUVs Sports Cabs Diesels 4x4. FINANCE SPECIALISTS Our finance team can help you get the best finance deal based on your budget. Upto 7500 RRP. Upto 15,000 RRP. 15,000 RRP Plus. Service MOT Safe Sound Warranty Experian Clear 12 Months AA Cover No Pressure Selling. West Country Cars. 01935 863 538 01935863538 01935 862 986 01935 862 986 07860 710 219 Email Us.
Used Audi Used BMW Used Dacia Used Fiat Used Ford Used Kia Used Mazda Used Mercedes-Benz Used MINI Used Nissan Used Porsche Used Renault Used Seat Used Skoda Used Subaru Used Suzuki Used Toyota Used Vauxhall Used Volkswagen Used Volvo. Home Used Cars Used Cars Finance Part Exchange Service Club Contact. 634439924 Company No. 6400608 FCA No. Used MINI Cooper for Sale Nationwide. By Car By Body Style By Price.
Find MINI Cooper listings in your area. Coronavirus update New contactless services to help keep you safe. 2019 MINI Cooper Convertible FWD. I was given a low quote to start. When I asked for the out the door cost I was transferred to the manager, he raised that quote up 2000 immediately. Anti theft system and trunk kit. when I bought my first new car years ago I got the same thing with the anti theft system. of course I took my business elsewhere. Good with follow up. 2011 MINI Cooper S.
Because I told him I wanted the car and I couldn t be there Wednesday but could be there Thursday. He told me he didn t know if the car will be there. I feel if I got to drive 3 hours to get there I m probably going to buy the car. He could of hold it until I got there. But no worries after he told me that I went to Kia and bought a 2019 Kia Soul. He could of had a sale. The dealer was very prompt in their initial reply to my online inquiry and then with their follow up by providing me a copy of vehicle Carfax or Auto Check report.
I did not buy the car, but they were very good to deal with. 2017 MINI Cooper S 2-Door Hatchback FWD. Lure you in with a great price but then tack on a 3,000 detail package already done on the vehicle. No way to decline it either it s part of the dealer fees. Say no to them unless you have an extra 3,000 to spend. I call the dealer in the morning made appointment to test drive the car. showed up they did not have the car ready, it was sitting out in a field in the rain, they were surprised I left with out test driving the car.
Never went back. yes they contacted me right away. iq option jobs MINI Cooper S 4-Door Hatchback FWD. When the dealership closes at 3pm on Sat and is not open on Sunday it makes it somewhat difficult to schedule an appointment if you work during the week. Responsive and professional outeach from MINI.
Authorized MINI Dealer. 2017 MINI Cooper 2-Door Hatchback FWD. 2020 MINI Cooper John Cooper Works 2-Door Hatchback FWD. Christian provided an outstanding experience. He was very low key, friendly and knowledgeable. I will definitely be looking to Classic Cars of Palm Beach for my next car. I liked that it was a relaxed no pressure no haggle car dealer. In and out quickly. They provide service to change title and register car as well.
The dealer did a great job. Love my truck, got it at a great price and good condition. Would buy another vehicle from the dealership. Thanks for checking in. 2017 MINI Cooper Convertible FWD. Overall the dealer was fine but it took way too long to get into finance. The first part was fast but then we had to sit and wait several hours to get into finance even though we were pre-approved and had check in hand.
I appreciate short staffing because of Covid but the wait was excessive and the finance guy was not very personable probably as he couldn t beat our interest rate and we didn t want any extras. They did not have the car we wanted. All good otherwise. They Omar was our sales rep went above and beyond to accommodate us with BMW Finances granular lease return process, all a bit of a crunch with a lease end and hard to find replacement i3.
Really BMW your leaving a year gap in available BEVs and in California especially. I would give them our repeated patronage. 9 out of 10 overall, everyone was nice, but the only problem was my car only came with one key fob and the salesman promise to get me my second one and that didn t happen. Will not shop there again. I contacted them for two weeks was being told the car was getting checked and ready to show. I was told I could see on Friday.
Friday morning the sales guy called to say it got put out Thursday and had been bought. When I had been talking to them for 2 weeks prior. I was working numbers for purchase with 2 salesman from thurs 6 18 until tues 6 23. Salesperson sent text tues saying a deposit had been taken on the car over the weekend and if the person did not buy the car 2 others had appts to see the vehicle.
Very dissapointing. Very good experience. They responded, provided direct communication and didn t waste my time at all. We test drove this car with Alex. He did a good job. 2016 MINI Cooper S 4-Door Hatchback FWD. Test drive was on schedule. Excellent, Honest, Helpful. Dealership was helpful. The sales person disregarded our inquiry about the engine clicking noise. He said that all the Foresters sound that way. None of the other cars we test drive that day at other dealers made that noise.
We drove to another town to buy a car. It bought the Nissan frontier from them. I would recommend them. 2009 MINI Cooper S. Shady and not very good customer service. There was an issue with the radio and when asked about it the guy didn t really try to figure it out. Honest and upfront, they have a mechanic within walking distance, and a fair amount of lightly to moderately used cars. It was worth the drive, but would have started with a different car had they had more pictures of the upholstery online.
I haven t bought a car from them, but will consider them in the future. 2016 MINI Cooper 2-Door Hatchback FWD. Salesman was very helpful. Peter contacted me within a short time of my internet inquiry. He was informative and understanding I didn t live close by. We agreed to meet on a weekend and upon arrival I found him to be informative and non pressuring. I give 5 stars to Peter Liu and Seattle Mini. 2016 MINI Cooper S Convertible FWD.
Used MINI Cooper By Year. Vehicle Deals Starting Price Total Available 2020 MINI Cooper 27 Great Deals 19,000 1,360 listings 2019 MINI Cooper 18 Great Deals 16,900 372 listings 2018 MINI Cooper 9 Great Deals 13,495 218 listings 2017 MINI Cooper 41 Great Deals 11,298 771 listings 2016 MINI Cooper 17 Great Deals 8,299 241 listings 2015 MINI Cooper 13 Great Deals 6,995 327 listings 2014 MINI Cooper 11 Great Deals 6,499 125 listings 2013 MINI Cooper 13 Great Deals 5,390 292 listings 2012 MINI Cooper 7 Great Deals 4,995 216 listings 2011 MINI Cooper 9 Great Deals 3,100 191 listings.
Certified Used MINI Cooper By Year. New MINI Cooper By Year. Used MINI Cooper By City. Used MINI Cooper By Transmission Type. MINI Cooper Overview. Green means go - and the MINI Cooper does it in style. Offering nearly 40 miles to the gallon in a distinctive package with plenty of pep and agility, the latest generation of this half-a-century-old world-renowned star is an eco-friendly miniature amusement park. It s not perfect, but those who prefer distinctive style and don t mind the hard ride, road noise, cramped cargo space and comical back seat are sure to find a big win in this little car.
The 2011 edition provides a few more ponies under its diminutive hood than previous models, plus a cosmetic touch-up alongside steering torque tweaks, newly optional adaptive headlights, and newly standard HD and satellite radio. Additional sound insulation this year makes an attempt to block out more road noise, but the end result offers little improvement. The familiar Cooper, Cooper S and John Cooper Works JCW trims return again this year, each available as a 2-door coupe or convertible with a 6-speed manual by default or a 6-speed automatic optional for all but the JCW.
Although it may not look like much on paper, the Base s 121-hp 1. 6-liter four-banger is more than ample, but drivers demanding considerably more punch can look to the turbocharged 181-hp Cooper S or turbo 208-hp John Cooper Works. Base fuel economy is estimated at 29 mpg city 37 highway with the manual transmission, while opting for the automatic shaves 1 mpg off both figures. The manual Cooper S loses 2 mpg from the Base, with the automatic only 1 mpg better than the JCW, which uses 25 33 mpg.
Opting for a convertible will cost another 2 mpg and slow down acceleration somewhat due to its slightly bigger wheels. Standard equipment includes 15-inch alloy wheels, full power accessories, keyless entry, air-conditioning, cruise control, a height-adjustable driver s seat, tilt-and-telescoping leather-wrapped steering wheel, multicolor ambient lighting and 6-speaker stereo with CD player, HD radio, satellite radio and an auxiliary audio jack. The Cooper s Sport package adds 16-inch wheels on the hatchback and 17-inch wheels on the convertible, fog lights, traction control, a spoiler, sport seats and hood stripes.
The Cooper S adds 16-inch wheels, firmer suspension tuning, fog lights, sport seats and alloy pedals. The Cooper S Sport package adds 17-inch wheels, xenon headlights, traction control and hood stripes. The John Cooper Works includes a more powerful turbo engine, upgraded brakes and cloth upholstery. Both the JCW and Cooper S may be fitted with a limited-slip differential and firmer suspension.
Beyond that you can tailor your MINI to suit your needs and style with its exceptionally long list of optional features ranging from different wheels, interior flairs and upholstery to parking sensors, a navigation system, adaptive xenon headlights, dual-pane sunroof, automatic climate control, heated front seats, keyless ignition entry, a 10-speaker Harman Kardon surround-sound audio system, Bluetooth connectivity and iPod interface.
If your Cooper just isn t customized enough with these factory options, the dealer has several other features on hand to further mold it into your very own MINI dream machine. Although its crash test ratings are not the best in the industry, the Cooper holds up pretty well with a strong complement of safety features from airbags to rollover bars, and drivers commend its ability to come out of an accident relatively unscathed despite its obvious size disadvantage.
This is one unforgettable little oddball with a lot of love for the right driver - some even describe it as a pet they can drive with few detriments worth mentioning. Michael Jackson will forever be the King of Pop, but even his career pales in comparison to the MINI Cooper s 50-plus years as a youthful icon. The Mini first landed on UK soil in 1959 as a fuel-efficient answer to the region s oil crises and a super-compact companion on tight British roads with room for 4 adults and their luggage.
Fortunately it was also very light, since the original 34-hp engine almost certainly wasn t going to make it up any real hill on its own, but that s probably why only 20,000 Minis were produced in its first years. By 1962, however, the Mini had achieved stardom, and no fewer than 200,000 were produced in each of the following 15 years by the British Motor Corp. The Mini Cooper debuted for 1961, and for a short while it was an American counter-culture favorite. By 1990 Mini became a part of the Rover group, which was then purchased by BMW in 1994, but the first BMW-produced MINI didn t arrive until 2002.
The lineup up to that point was largely hit or miss, with a few anniversary bright spots and a slow progression toward modernity, although it always has been and still is a sharp little number - in both maneuverability and style. The latest chapter in the MINI Cooper s long life tells a tale of impeccable German engineering indelibly married to irresistible British charm. However, like all marriages, it took a few years and a lot of elbow grease to make the MINI what it is today.
The first-generation modern MINI hatchback was produced from 2002 to 2006, at first as Cooper and sporty Cooper S models, with the convertible arriving for 2005 and sticking through 2008. The baseline 115-hp engine was enough move the Cooper adequately enough, but the 163-hp supercharged Cooper S was easily the favorite. A few updates for 04 offered a more comfortable three-spoked steering wheel and digital speedometer, and the 208-hp John Cooper Works debuted for 05 alongside the convertible, some style updates and an engine tweak for the Cooper S resulting in 5 more ponies.
This generation however suffers from constant squeaks and rattles out of its loosely constructed body, and the optional continuously variable automatic transmission CVT seriously held back performance over the manual. Taller drivers should also note this generation lacks a telescoping steering wheel, although there is surprisingly ample legroom otherwise. The second generation began for the hatchback as a 2007 model, while the convertible ran with its first-generation setup until 2008, when the John Cooper Works also made a comeback on the new build.
The ride was made softer, the body made more solid, the steering made less tiresome at low speeds, and the engines were more refined with significantly better fuel economy. In one fell swoop, BMW transformed the MINI from a quirky cult favorite to a mainstream dream with real star quality. The original engines were not quite as powerful as the latest models, starting out at 118 hp for the Base and 172 hp for the turbo Cooper S, moving to 121 hp and 177 hp respectively for 2011, with the John Cooper Works still running on the same 208 hp it did for its 09 re-introduction.
The 2011 overhaul likewise addressed the torque steer in the Cooper S and some quirks with the interior decorating. Just prior to that overhaul, the MINI Camden and MINI Mayfair 2010 special editions were loaded with cutesy features like a Mission Control system and in-car voices for certain vehicle functions along with special trim and style.
Cruise control and a multifunction steering wheel were only optional prior to 2010, and until 09 so was stability control. So far there do not appear to be any significant changes for the 2012 lineup, and certainly not anything like a new generation to address the presently hard and noisy ride, despite the insulation added for 2011. Still, it is one adorable little spitfire with plenty of character for any driver desiring something a bit more distinctive and tailored.
The marriage of German engineering with British charm has done wonders for the latest incarnation of the MINI, with only first-model-runs having any problems at all - and even then, it s just a loose wire or leak. Only the 02 and 07 model years are affected by these shortcomings, with every single other model year having an impeccable track record. The first generation was loosely constructed however, without the improved suspension, steering and power of the latest generation and so may be worth avoiding altogether - but do definitely steer clear of the CVT and larger tires.
This includes the 07 and 08 convertibles, which were built as a first-gen even as the rest of the lineup was brought into the second generation for 07. Despite those shortcomings, you will have to look far and wide for a genuine bargain - don t be tempted by unusually low sticker prices, as these are likely exceptionally frugal in the feature department. As for the second generation, stability control became standard for 09, and cruise control along with the multifunction steering wheel became standard for 10.
The 2011 improves on road noise and steering torque alongside a few cosmetic touches, but every year aside from the 07 is absolutely worth every penny. The 09 model year is ripe for bargains, being just a hair underpriced and overlooked for the 10 Camden and Mayfair special editions, but demand for this beautiful little buggy is only going up, so any bargain is not going to last very long.
Expert Reviews for MINI Cooper by Year. 2019 MINI Cooper Test Drive Review. 2015 MINI Cooper Test Drive Review.
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